Sources: Environmental Injustice

Particularly influential and summary pieces are marked with a *

General

Confronting injustice: racism and the environmental emergency (2022, report by Greenpeace and The Runnymede Trust)

Inaction on global warming amounts to racism – let me tell you why (2022, article in The Guardian)

Unequal Exposure to Hazards

Related to geography

‘Africa is on the frontlines but not the front pages’: Vanessa Nakate on her climate fight (2022, article in The Guardian)

Rich nations owe reparations to countries facing climate disaster, says Pakistan minister (2022, article in The Guardian)

Unequal adaptation costs

Why should we in Pakistan pay for catastrophic floods we had no part in causing? (2022, opinion article in The Guardian)

Vulnerable countries demand global tax to pay for climate-led loss and damage: Poor nations exhort UN to consider ‘climate-related and justice-based’ tax on big fossil fuel users and air travel (2022, article in The Guardian)

UN chief appeals for ‘massive’ help as flood-hit Pakistan puts losses at $30bn (2022, article in The Guardian)

Eleven nations least responsible for global heating must spend up to 22% of GDP on dealing with effects of it – nations across Sub-Saharan African must spend 5 times the amount they spend on healthcare on climate adaptation (2022, article in The Guardian based on study by Tearfund)

Footing the Bill: Fair finance for loss and damage in an era of escalating climate impacts (2022, report by Oxfam)

Lower income countries are spending over 5 times more on external debt payments than projects to protect people from the impacts of climate change. (2021, report by Jubilee Debt Campaign)

Related to race/ethnicity & income

‘Our community is wiped out’: low-income Americans likely to be hit hardest by Hurricane Ian (2022, article in The Guardian)

UK people of colour four times more likely to live in areas ‘at higher risk from heatwaves (2022, article in The Guardian based on study by University of Manchester and Friends of the Earth)

Millions suffering in deadly pollution ‘sacrifice zones’, warns UN expert – Businesses blamed for rise of toxic hotspots hitting poor communities hardest (2022, article in The Guardian)

Disparities in air pollution exposure in the United States by race/ethnicity and income, 1990–2010 (2021, article in Environmental Health Perspectives)

Related to age/generation

As a science journalist I’m reconsidering having kids. I’m not the only one (2022, article in The Guardian)

Younger generations are expected to face more extreme heat events across their lifetimes compared with older generations (2021, article in Science)

One billion children at ‘extremely high risk’ of the impacts of the climate crisis (2021, report by UNICEF)

Related to abilities

Disabled people being ‘systematically ignored’ on climate crisis, says study (2022, article in The Guardian based on study by the International Disability Alliance and the McGill Centre for Human Rights and Legal Pluralism)

Related to gender

The hospital has nothing’: Pakistan’s floods put pregnant women in danger (2022, article in The Guardian)

Unequal Environmental Footprints

Emissions Inequality Dashboard – showing inequalities in CO2 emissions across the world and by income groups (e.g. richest 10% produced more than 49% of global carbon emissions in 2015)

Who Is Responsible For Climate Change? – Who Needs To Fix It? (video by Kurzgesagt in collaboration with Our World in Data)

Geographically

Climate Equity Reference Calculator – tool and database that systematically applies a transparent equity reference framework with the goal of quantitatively examining the problem of national fair shares in a global effort to rapidly reduce greenhouse gas emissions

A Good Life for All Within Planetary Boundaries – data and visuals to compare how different countries compare in overshooting planetary boundaries

West accused of ‘climate hypocrisy’ as emissions dwarf those of poor countries (2022, article in The Guardian, based on study by the Center for Global Development)

Nearly $2tn of damage inflicted on other countries by US emissions (2022, article in The Guardian, based on article in Climate Change)

National attribution of historical climate damages (2022, article in Climate Change)

Three Americans create enough carbon emissions to kill one person, study finds (2021, article in The Guardian)

*Quantifying national responsibility for climate breakdown: an equality-based attribution approach for carbon dioxide emissions in excess of the planetary boundary – e.g. the Global North responsible for 92% of all excess cumulative emissions (2020, article in The Lancet Planetary Health)

Related to income

Carbon emissions of richest 1 percent more than double the emissions of the poorest half of humanity (2020, article by Oxfam)

‘Carbon footprint gap’ between rich and poor expanding (2022, article in The Guardian)

The richest 10% produce about half of greenhouse gas emissions. They should pay to fix the climate (2021, article in The Guardian)

*Confronting Carbon Inequality (2020, report by Oxfam)

Through flying

A 17-minute flight? The super-rich who have ‘absolute disregard for the planet’ (2022, article in The Guardian)

Elite Status: How a small minority around the world take an unfair share of flights (2021, report by Possible)

1% of world population emits 50% of CO2 from commercial aviation (2020, article in Global Environmental Change)

Unequal Consumption of Land & Resources

Why are we feeding crops to our cars when people are starving? (2022, opinion article in The Guardian)

*NOT ZERO: How ‘net zero’ targets disguise climate inaction and driving huge land grabs, particularly in the global South (2021, joint technical briefing by climate justice organizations)

How much of the world’s land would we need in order to feed the global population with the average diet of a given country? (2017, analysis by Our World in Data)

Extractivism

Imperialist appropriation in the world economy: Drain from the global South through unequal exchange, 1990–2015 (2022, article in Global Environmental Change)

Tracking human rights violations & environmental impacts in lithium batteries supply chains in China, DRC & So. America (2017, collection of resources by the Business and Human Rights Resource Centre)

Profiting from Environmental Destruction

‘Polluters must pay’: UN chief calls for windfall tax on fossil fuel companies (2022, article in The Guardian)

It’s plunder’: Mexico desperate for water while drinks companies use billions of litres (2022, article in The Guardian)

The world is ablaze and the oil industry just posted record profits. It’s us or them (2022, opinion article in The Guardian)

Oil sector’s ‘staggering’ $3bn-a-day profits for last 50 years – Vast sums provide power to ‘buy every politician’ and delay action on climate crisis, says expert (2022, article in The Guardian)

Largest oil and gas producers made close to $100bn in first quarter of 2022 (2022, article in The Guardian)

Little of record profits going to UK taxpayers as fossil firms claim cash is needed for move to low carbon (2022, article in The Guardian)

Violence Against Indigenous Communities

Illegal logging threatens Cambodia’s indigenous people, says Amnesty (2022, article in The Guardian)

Violence Against Environmental Activists

UK climate activists held in jail for up to six months before trial (2022, article in The Guardian)

Environmental defenders are being killed (2021, article in The Guardian)

Anti-Environmentalist Bias & Culture War

The Contours of Anti-Environmentalism (2022, chapter in Handbook of Anti-Environmentalism)

‘Reality is scary’: climate culture war heats up for UK meteorologists (2022, article in The Guardian)

Redefining Environmentalists (episode in Drilled podcast)

It ain’t easy eating greens: Evidence of bias toward vegetarians and vegans from both source and target (2015, article in Group Processes and Intergroup Relations)

1 Comment

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s